In the writing phase you will find yourself writing passages in which it will be extremely easy to find yourself at the same concepts several times. Exposing information without being able to find a different approach happens when you are not very practical in using synonyms or paraphrasing the same concept using different structures and terms.

Often happens in the introduction, in which the general structure of the three-year or master’s degree thesis must be presented. It is not easy to expose the same concepts discussed in the next chapter in such a different form … or maybe yes?


Most writers end up using the same words and constructing sentences over and over again to expose the contents and structure of their work. But these repetitions will only make your document monotonous to readers. The following tips will help you vary your writing style and keep the reader’s interest alive.

Example 1: The construction in first person

In Chapter 1, we will explore the cause of the problem. In chapter 2, I will move on to the analysis of studies in the specific sector. In chapter 3, it will explain the methodologies.

As shown in Example 1, an option is to use construction firsthand. However, this form is not always necessary or the recommended choice.

A passive construction can also be used:

Example 2: Passive construction

The introduction of the problem is presented in chapter 1 and the studies concerning the sector are discussed in chapter 2.

Passive construction is often used in this section, in context it makes it quite clear to understand who the author of the action is. However, using this construction in other parts of the three-year or master’s thesis could make the text too vague. In the article active construction vs. passive will explain in detail why.

Another option is to use the form of the inanimate subject with an active verb to expose the information:

Example 3: Construction with an inanimate subject

Chapter 1 presents the introduction of the problem and chapter 2 presents the studies of the specific sector.

The chapter is an inanimate object, it is not in itself capable of performing the action (of exposing or presenting). Despite this, the meaning of the sentence is easily understandable and understandable. The use of this construction can undoubtedly represent a variant in the form. It can be particularly helpful when it comes to presenting the contents of the paper, discussing the objectives and providing its own conclusions.

The following constructions are also valid options to keep in mind:

Example 4

Chapter 1 is intended to answer the first question (with your goals)

Example 5

The results show that … (with your conclusions)

Finally, the example below shows the combinations of different constructions in a single paragraph.

Example 6

Chapter 2 contains a review of the main studies concerning the subject. The methodologies used in this study are described in chapter 3, the results of which are presented and discussed in chapter 4. Finally, chapter 5 outlines the main conclusions drawn and identifies the limits of the study carried out and presents recommendations and recommendations for possible future studies.

Useful verbs

You can definitely discuss, present, try and demonstrate concepts … but what else can you “do” in the overview of your thesis?

Note: Be sure to check the definition of a verb before using it in your paper. Besides checking to use it correctly and giving it the right meaning, it is important to verify that it is compatible with the construction of the sentence. For example, the following choices are perfect in a passive construction but do not fit just as well with other types of sentences:

  • Is based on
  • It is in the center of
  • Is dedicated to
  • Is it better to write the chapters in numbers or in letters?

When the chapters are mentioned in the text, it is always better to use numbers.

But the most important thing is to be consistent with your choice throughout the text. We have also prepared a general guide regarding the use of numbers in the three-year or master’s thesis.

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