How to write the abstract of a three-year and master’s degree thesis

The abstract thesis, present in all the three-year or master degree theses, is the first part of the thesis that is read and precedes the actual deepening of the subject.

It is nothing more than a brief summary of the content you have chosen, in which in a few brief points you will have the opportunity to present your work to the reader.

It is therefore of fundamental importance that it be clear, well written and that it contains all the necessary information.

The three functions of a thesis abstract

1. Abstract thesis: Explain the title of the thesis

Its first function is to explain the thesis title, triennial or magisterial. A well written abstract (summary) can arouse the reader’s interest and encourage him to continue reading.

2. Abstract thesis: Synthesize the key points

Secondly, the abstract can be very useful for all those readers who do not have the time to read the complete three-year or master’s thesis. Often, managers and scientists only read the abstract, to get an idea of ​​the themes it addresses.

3. Abstract thesis: Offer an overview of the thesis

Finally, the abstract has the task of providing the reader with an overview of the work, so that he already knows what to expect from reading and that he can contextualise the thesis material without difficulty. A well-written abstract will allow you to better understand even the most complex parts of the paper.

Length, position and tenses of the abstract thesis

The abstract thesis should never be more than 5% of the entire three-year or master’s thesis (about 250 words); It is important that it is short, because it may need to be read quickly.

It should be inserted after the preface and before the table of contents. The most suitable tense to use is the present or the recent past.

Example of abstracts thesis on the present or near past

Example of abstracts present thesis: The study shows that most participants prefer to watch a film in the cinema rather than on television at home.

Example of an abstract in the near past: The study showed that most participants prefer to watch a film in the cinema rather than on television at home.

How is a thesis abstract structured?

Make each paragraph answer the following questions:

  • What is the main theme? Indicate the subject, topic and questions of your thesis. If you have also formulated hypotheses, argument here.
  • What has been done? Briefly explain the method and approach you have chosen to use for your research.
  • What did you find out? Make a summary of the most important results obtained and formulate a conclusion.

Use of acronyms

Since the reader must be able to read and understand the abstract without having to consult other parts of the thesis, if you choose to use acronyms remember to briefly explain their meaning.

As in the rest of your three-year or master degree dissertation, it is also necessary to include references in the abstract when using external sources. However, in this type of work the use of sources is less frequent, often being studies and research of a personal nature.

  • Thesis abstract checklist
  • The abstract is as long as an A4 sheet.
  • The abstract is inserted immediately after the preface and before the table of contents.
  • The abstract is written in the present.
  • The object is shown.
  • The problem is explained.
  • The questions or hypotheses are explained.
  • The methodology and approach to research are briefly explained.
  • An overview of the most important results is provided.
  • The conclusion (the answer to your question / problem) is illustrated.
  • The results are discussed and explained (discussion).
  • Suggestions for future research are presented.
  • The recommendations are discussed concisely.
  • The abstract explains what the thesis deals with (even to those without previous knowledge of the subject).

How to write the thesis introduction

The introduction is the first chapter of the three-year or master’s degree thesis and, consequently, it is considered its starting point. Here you can describe the topic of the thesis, formulate the problem and provide a general overview to the reader.

Purpose of the thesis introduction:

  • Introduce the topic. What is the purpose of the study and what is the topic covered?
  • Capture the reader’s interest. Be sure to capture the reader’s attention right away, if possible using clear examples that deal with recent news or everyday life.
  • Demonstrate the importance of study. Convince the reader of the scientific and practical importance of the study.

Thesis introduction structure ::

  • A clear introduction is often composed of the following parts:
  • Presentation of the subject of the thesis
  • Grounds
  • Objectives of the work
  • Research methodology
  • Brief description of the structure of the paper
  • Outline of the conclusions

Introduction to the thesis: Presentation of the subject of the thesis

Try to explain in a concise and clear way the topic covered in your degree thesis, in order to present it to the reader. These first lines are fundamental, since they represent the first words of the elaborate, which will introduce the reader to the path of discovery of your research. Few concepts, but essential.

Introduction thesis: Motivation

After presenting the topic, he explains the reasons that led you to choose to go deeper into this theme. They can be linked to a recent discovery or to a topic that has always interested you.

By choosing an interesting example, the reader will be immediately encouraged to continue reading the rest of the three-year or master’s thesis.

Introduction thesis: Objectives of the work

Set out the objectives of your research work now. It is important to highlight right away what you focused on, so that the reader can understand what to expect from reading your work. If it is a scientific thesis, it lists the hypotheses and the possible theses related to the problem. In the humanistic field, enter all the elements necessary for understanding the analysis carried out.

Use valid arguments and illustrate the scientific relevance of your study by citing scientific papers and trying to link them together. Also, highlight here what the chapters of the study you will use directly in your work will be.

Thesis introduction: Research methodology

Explaining the approach used can be very useful for presenting your three-year or master’s thesis. However remember that it is not necessary to list all the tools used during the various phases of your work, you would risk to dwell too much!

Select the most relevant methodologies and explain clearly and precisely how you decided to proceed, based on your goals.

Introduction thesis: Brief description of the structure of the paper

In the introduction it is possible to briefly outline the structure of the research, which will then be deepened in the following chapters. Try to present the salient points of the topics covered in each chapter, so as to represent the logical sequential line that guided you in the drafting of the work.

Summarize each chapter in maximum one paragraph, even better in one sentence. Make sure there are not too many repetitions of both words and concepts.

Introduction thesis: Outline of the conclusions

As a final part of the thesis introduction, list the strengths and results achieved by your research work (refer to the conclusions chapter for more details).

Remember to be synthetic, it is not necessary to explain everything in this first section. Its purpose is simply introductory. Each point will then be deepened in the following chapters.

When to write the thesis introduction?

Even if the introduction of the thesis is at the beginning of the thesis, it does not mean that it is necessary to write it before starting the research, on the contrary.

The more you go into the search, the easier it will be to write a good introduction, so don’t worry if at the beginning you can’t write this part.

Resume writing later and continue editing it as your search continues and until you are satisfied.

Length of the introduction

There are no precise or ideal rules regarding the length of the introduction. Usually it corresponds to one, maximum two pages.

It is not necessary to compress all the information on a single page, as happens with the abstract of the thesis. But you have to be careful not to dwell too much or provide too much information. It is important not to repeat oneself and write only what is really important to properly introduce the topic of your research.

How to write Thesis Acknowledgement

The section of thanks aims to thank the people who helped and supported you during the writing of the three-year or master degree thesis.

They represent a very important part of the structure of the thesis, but students often do not have a clear idea of their real function or how to write them correctly.

Here are some tips for you that will guide you in writing thanks.

What are the theses thanks for?

There are various reasons that lead to creating a separate section for thesis thanks. For example, the period of the writing of the paper was particularly exhausting or lasted for some time, as in the case of the writing of a three-year or master degree thesis.

During those months, it is likely that many people have helped and supported you during your research. For this reason it would be nice to thank all the people who have been close to you or have been involved in this process.

In theses thanks, speakers, other students, colleagues, managers and, of course, friends and family are often mentioned.

How to structure tense thanks

The thanks of the thesis are perhaps the most personal section of your work. In these lines you will have the possibility to write in a free way, without precise data or rules to respect, you can choose the words and contents you prefer.

Although you can customize this text to your liking, here are some tips to structure your thanks in a clear and complete way:

Start with a brief general introduction, in which you thank all those who have contributed, in every way, to the realization of your work.

Continue by citing the professional figures who have guided you in the drafting of your degree thesis (speaker, co-speaker if present, tutor).

Then thank the most intimate people who have been close to you in this particular moment of your training. You choose who to include in this section, you will certainly have no doubts about it!

Dedication of thesis

Many students choose to thank a special person, inserting a dedication aimed at parents, the speaker or a classmate. Although it fulfills a function similar to that of thanksgiving, a dedication manifests a more intimate and personal message, a particular gratitude towards someone who has played an important role in this drafting process.

The obligatory acknowledgments are not included among the obligatory elements, but can be very useful if one wishes to express gratitude for a particularly significant help received.

Example: Dedication thesis

A special dedication to my grandfather, the first teacher of my life and a model of extraordinary behavior. Thank you for giving me the love of knowledge.

Where do you insert the theses thanks?

The position of thanks is quite discretionary. In many papers, they are included directly in the preface or, from time to time, in a separate chapter; in most cases they are inserted at the end of the thesis, on the last page, immediately after the bibliography.

If instead it is a dedication, it must be inserted on the very first page of the paper, it will be the first thing that those who read your thesis will see.

Example of thesis thanks

We have written an example of the thesis thanks section, so you can have a better idea of how it is structured.

Tips for writing a general overview of the thesis

In the writing phase you will find yourself writing passages in which it will be extremely easy to find yourself at the same concepts several times. Exposing information without being able to find a different approach happens when you are not very practical in using synonyms or paraphrasing the same concept using different structures and terms.

Often happens in the introduction, in which the general structure of the three-year or master’s degree thesis must be presented. It is not easy to expose the same concepts discussed in the next chapter in such a different form … or maybe yes?


Most writers end up using the same words and constructing sentences over and over again to expose the contents and structure of their work. But these repetitions will only make your document monotonous to readers. The following tips will help you vary your writing style and keep the reader’s interest alive.

Example 1: The construction in first person

In Chapter 1, we will explore the cause of the problem. In chapter 2, I will move on to the analysis of studies in the specific sector. In chapter 3, it will explain the methodologies.

As shown in Example 1, an option is to use construction firsthand. However, this form is not always necessary or the recommended choice.

A passive construction can also be used:

Example 2: Passive construction

The introduction of the problem is presented in chapter 1 and the studies concerning the sector are discussed in chapter 2.

Passive construction is often used in this section, in context it makes it quite clear to understand who the author of the action is. However, using this construction in other parts of the three-year or master’s thesis could make the text too vague. In the article active construction vs. passive will explain in detail why.

Another option is to use the form of the inanimate subject with an active verb to expose the information:

Example 3: Construction with an inanimate subject

Chapter 1 presents the introduction of the problem and chapter 2 presents the studies of the specific sector.

The chapter is an inanimate object, it is not in itself capable of performing the action (of exposing or presenting). Despite this, the meaning of the sentence is easily understandable and understandable. The use of this construction can undoubtedly represent a variant in the form. It can be particularly helpful when it comes to presenting the contents of the paper, discussing the objectives and providing its own conclusions.

The following constructions are also valid options to keep in mind:

Example 4

Chapter 1 is intended to answer the first question (with your goals)

Example 5

The results show that … (with your conclusions)

Finally, the example below shows the combinations of different constructions in a single paragraph.

Example 6

Chapter 2 contains a review of the main studies concerning the subject. The methodologies used in this study are described in chapter 3, the results of which are presented and discussed in chapter 4. Finally, chapter 5 outlines the main conclusions drawn and identifies the limits of the study carried out and presents recommendations and recommendations for possible future studies.

Useful verbs

You can definitely discuss, present, try and demonstrate concepts … but what else can you “do” in the overview of your thesis?

Note: Be sure to check the definition of a verb before using it in your paper. Besides checking to use it correctly and giving it the right meaning, it is important to verify that it is compatible with the construction of the sentence. For example, the following choices are perfect in a passive construction but do not fit just as well with other types of sentences:

  • Is based on
  • It is in the center of
  • Is dedicated to
  • Is it better to write the chapters in numbers or in letters?

When the chapters are mentioned in the text, it is always better to use numbers.

But the most important thing is to be consistent with your choice throughout the text. We have also prepared a general guide regarding the use of numbers in the three-year or master’s thesis.